Biotech News

Study shows novel protein plays role in bacterial vaginosis

UArizona College of Medicine — Phoenix study increases understanding of most common bacterial infection in US women Credit: Image Courtesy of Dr. Melissa Herbst-Kralovetz Lab, UArizona College of Medicine – Phoenix. PHOENIX – Women with bacterial vaginosis exhibit elevated levels of the pro-inflammatory protein, IL-36y, according to a new collaborative study led by the University of Arizona College of Medicine-Phoenix. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common bacterial infection in

A guidebook for local governments and CBOs to support elderly people to take out the trash

Credit: NIES One of the issues related to waste management in aging society is helping elderly people who find it difficult to take out the trash. In the face of the aging of society and increasing numbers of nuclear (one- and two-generation) family households, more and more elderly people are in need of support. In Japan, many local governments have introduced a program to support elderly people taking out their

Illinois team develops first of a kind in-vitro 3D neural tissue model

Credit: University of Illinois Department of Bioengineering Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have successfully used stem cells to engineer living biohybrid nerve tissue to develop 3D models of neural networks with the hopes of gaining a better understanding of how the brain and these networks work. The first author, Gelson Pagan-Diaz-Diaz, likens the produced tissue to a computer processing unit, which provided the basic principle to today’s

Making robots more perceptive

Lehigh University’s Nader Motee is investigating ways to improve robots’ awareness and decision-making capabilities, with over $1M in grants from ONR and AFOSR Credit: Lehigh University Robots are complex machines with lots of components. Each of these components has a precise purpose, and when each component acts as expected, it creates a seamless system that can accomplish intricate tasks. This idea scales to networks of robots working in tandem to

Machine learning can help us understand conversations about death

Credit: Andy Duback Some of the most important, and difficult, conversations in healthcare are the ones that happen amid serious and life-threatening illnesses. Discussions of the treatment options and prognoses in these settings are a delicate balance for doctors and nurses who are dealing with people at their most vulnerable point and may not fully understand what the future holds. Now researchers at the University of Vermont’s Vermont Conversation Lab

Use of venetoclax in transplant conditioning regimen shows promise in myeloid cancers

Trial is important step toward determining if this drug add-on can reduce risk of relapse in these patients Credit: Dana-Farber Cancer Institute For patients with high-risk myeloid cancers undergoing a donor stem cell transplant, adding the targeted drug venetoclax to a reduced-intensity drug regimen prior to transplant is safe and does not impair the ability of the donor cells to take root in recipients’ bodies, a study led by Dana-Farber

Emerging role of adenosine in brain disorders and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Credit: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc publishers New Rochelle, NY, December 6, 2019 -The role of adenosine in neurodegeneration and neuroregeneration has led to growing attention on adenosine receptors as potential drug targets in a range of brain disorders, including neuroregenerative therapy and treatment for amyotrophyic lateral sclerosis (ALS). These are just two areas of focus in the upcoming special issue on Adenosine and Neurodegeneration – Part II published in Journal

First investigational drug therapy for liver disease NASH awaiting FDA approval

Global clinical trial designed in collaboration with VCU successfully tested a drug therapy to treat NASH, a chronic liver disease and the fastest-growing reason for liver transplantation in the U.S. Credit: Virginia Commonwealth University RICHMOND, Va. (Dec. 5, 2019) — Patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a chronic liver disease and a leading cause for liver transplantation in the U.S., currently lack an approved drug therapy, but this may soon change.

Smart, self-powered patch to put an end to €2.3 trillion bill caused by rust worldwide

The cost of corrosion runs to 3-4% of the gross world product annually, and therefore there is increasing focus on monitoring infrastructure; Danish researchers are developing a smart patch that can cut huge amounts off the costs of rust Credit: Peer Klercke The cost of corrosion runs to 3-4 per cent of the gross world product (GWP) annually, and therefore there is increasing international focus on monitoring infrastructure projects. The

Water management grows farm profits

Credit: Jonathan Holt A healthy lifestyle consists of a mixture of habits. Diet, exercise, sleep and other factors all must be in balance. Similarly, a sustainable farm operates on a balanced plan of soil, crop, and water management techniques. The western United States is a region with scarce water resources. In this case, water management techniques make up a larger piece of a sustainability plan. There is mounting concern around